At the end of this lesson, students should know what equivalent fractions are and be able to build their own families of equivalent fractions.
When we say that two fractions are equivalent, we mean they are equal in value although they may be different in form and figure.
1/2 = 2/4 = 4/8 = 8/16
When we multiply both the numerator and denominator of a fraction by a common number, the result is still equal to the original fraction. In the above example, it is seen that 1/2 has been multiplied by 2/2 which is 2/4 which is equal to = 4/8